Are you aware that the bulk of current scientific knowledge has been discovered in the past ten years? And that many of the most original results have appeared in the last year? Can you imagine where we will be ten years from now? This blog is intended to be an exploration of a paradigm shift I expect to see in the scientific understanding of the connection between mind and the material world. Posts will look at scientific discoveries, as they appear, in the fields of neuroscience, animal behavior, microbiology, molecular biology, evolution and biophysics, and explore their relevance to the emerging view of mind as an integral aspect of nature.


Update on Interface of Immunity and Brain

N0019675 NORMAL ANATOMY, NEURON ASTROGLIA AND

Both the brain and the immune system perceive infections, trauma, stress, anxiety and social isolation. Both respond to efforts to defend and heal these traumas. Many previous posts have described increasing understanding of how neither can operate without the other. They have been called the “wired and wireless…


Producing Many Kinds of T Helper Cells

Healthy_Human_T_Cell

T cells are the masters of the immune system. Through active communication with the brain they maintain balance between the immune and nervous systems. T cells respond to situations by regulating all other immune cells through signaling, either with secreted molecules or by direct contact. T cells have many very specific…


Epigenetic Signals Regulate New Brain Cells

B0007285 Human brain cells

Relatively small numbers of new neurons are produced in several critical parts of the adult human brain. The most well understand region is the dentate nucleus of the hippocampus where new neurons are incorporated into memory circuits for new information that clarifies old memories. Please see the post on how new neurons…


Special Relationship of Viruses and Endoplasmic Reticulum

B0008518 Rough endoplasmic reticulum

It is quite remarkable how much viruses can accomplish with a very small number of genes and a handful of proteins. Previous posts have described the very elaborate lifestyle of HIV with only 9 genes, and Ebola with only 7 genes. Somehow, viruses are able to manipulate vast cellular machinery including organelles much…


The Powerful Immune Synapse

B0010532 Killer T-cell immune synapse, 3D-SIM

Cells communicate with many varied signals—both chemical and electrical. Signals can be secreted in the space between cells, into the blood stream and in cerebrospinal fluid. Chemical signals can be sent in small vesicles (endosomes) or in nanotubes that exist between most cells. Another way that cells talk is by forming…