Are you aware that the bulk of current scientific knowledge has been discovered in the past ten years? And that many of the most original results have appeared in the last year? Can you imagine where we will be ten years from now? This blog is intended to be an exploration of a paradigm shift I expect to see in the scientific understanding of the connection between mind and the material world. Posts will look at scientific discoveries, as they appear, in the fields of neuroscience, animal behavior, microbiology, molecular biology, evolution and biophysics, and explore their relevance to the emerging view of mind as an integral aspect of nature.


Where is Subjective Experience in the Brain?

Brain - 3D illustration.

Current science has no explanation for subjective experience. There isn’t even an adequate definition of consciousness. Recent research continues many approaches in attempts to find a brain region that is correlated with basic awareness or consciousness. In order to proceed without definitions, study attempts to find…


Membrane Lipids Direct Proteins and Proteins Direct Lipids

N0019830 Endocytosis

The largest number of brain molecules are lipids (fats). Unique regulation of brain lipids is complex and contributes to many diseases. Surprisingly, it has been found that membrane lipids direct proteins and proteins direct lipids.  Previous posts have discussed the importance of lipids in communication between brain…


Psychiatric Illness and microRNA

B0003352 People with DNA fingerprints - artwork

Until quite recently it was thought that only 2% of human DNA making proteins was important. The rest was called “junk.” Junk DNA was thought to accumulate through random processes with no physiological consequences. After the genome project did not find enough “mutations” to explain more illnesses or to explain…


Extra Cellular Vesicles in the Brain

B0008197 Vesicle transport at the golgi apparatus

Vesicles containing  neurotransmitters at synapses are well known, but mechanisms explaining their speed are still not clear. Very recently, neurons have been found to use many other types of vesicles to communicate with other cells, not at the synapse. Myelin patterns have been found to be much more variable than…


Regulation of Brain Energy

Arrangement of human feature lines and symbolic elements on the subject of human mind consciousness imagination science and creativity

The brain uses 20% of the body’s energy, although it weighs three pounds. Humans have more genes operating to metabolize energy for the costly cognitive brain than other species. Recent research is now showing which neuronal activity uses the most energy. In fact, it is the activity of the ion channels along the axon and…