Are you aware that the bulk of current scientific knowledge has been discovered in the past ten years? And that many of the most original results have appeared in the last year? Can you imagine where we will be ten years from now? This blog is intended to be an exploration of a paradigm shift I expect to see in the scientific understanding of the connection between mind and the material world. Posts will look at scientific discoveries, as they appear, in the fields of neuroscience, animal behavior, microbiology, molecular biology, evolution and biophysics, and explore their relevance to the emerging view of mind as an integral aspect of nature.

Are Microtubules the Brain of the Neuron

PD firbroblast microtubule green actin red

Microtubules may be the brains of the cell, particularly neurons—operating like a computerized Lego set. They are large complex scaffolding molecules that work closely with the two other rapidly changing structural molecules, actin and intermediate filaments, to provide structure for the entire cell including the…

What Do Infants Know


What do infants know? Are infant cognitive abilities innate based on brain structure or learned? Recent research shows that infants have surprising mental abilities, despite their inability to move. Infants learn languages better than adults. Infants are not as good as adults with numbers but start with much more math…

Clever Cells and Microbes Fight Over Vacuoles

B0007276 Eukaryotic cell
Credit: Anna Tanczos. Wellcome Images
A eukaryotic cell is defined as a nucleus containing cell. Most living organisms including animals, plants, fungi and protists are eukaryotes. The contents of the cell depicted in this model are as folows: The central region of the cell shows the nuclear envelope contining the nuclear pores, nucleolus and DNA (shown as a double helix). The golgi apparatus is purple and the smooth and rough endoplasmic reticulum are in shiney blue, both these structures are convoluted in shape to give them a larger surface area. The energy producing apparatus of the cell is the mitochondria - shown in red. The ribosomes are dipicted as green spheres, the centrioles - grey cylinders, the vesicles light blue spheres and lysosymes - large purple spheres.
Digital artwork/Computer graphic
Published:  - 

Copyrighted work available under Creative Commons by-nc-nd 4.0, see

Vacuoles are unique intracellular vesicles with many different functions. Some store critical molecules. Some store water or fat. Others are factories of destruction for waste, debris and mis folded proteins. Previous posts have described how individual organelles, like mitochondria have independent intelligent activity….

Does Abnormal Amyloid Cause Alzheimer’s

B0003253 Brain falling apart - artwork
Credit: Heidi Cartwright. Wellcome Images
Photograph of the superior aspect of a human brain
manipulated to represent the brain falling to
Photograph - digitally modified
2000 Published:  - 

Copyrighted work available under Creative Commons by-nc-nd 4.0, see

With vast brain complexity, the cause of Alzheimer’s is not clear and there are no current treatments that alter the disease process. Most Alzheimer’s researchers assume the cause is abnormal clumps of amyloid-β that kill neurons. Some define early pre clinical Alzheimer’s as those with increased amyloid-β and are…

Limitations of Genetic Research in Psychiatric Illness

Human Genome

Even after thousands of studies, the genetic basis of psychiatric illness is not at all clear. The relationship of mental events and genetic networks is extremely complex. A previous post discussed social interactions triggering genetic networks. Genetic networks are triggered by mental events and a vast number of other…